Word Formation Agreement

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We form words with background formation when we delete part of a word, usually something we think of as a suffix (or sometimes a prefix). We often do this when we form verbs from nouns. Initials look like acronyms, but are pronounced as sets of letters, not as words: conversions from adjectives to nouns and vice versa are both very common and discrete in English; much more is the creation of a verb by transforming a noun or another word (e.B. the proper adjective becomes the verb clean). Verbification is sometimes used to create nonce words or joke words. In other cases, it is a simple transformation, as with formations like beer, like beer me (“give me a beer”) and the eye, as in the eye (“look at it”). Sometimes a verbified form with a prepositional particle can occur, e.B. Sex loves sex (“make it sexier”). In other languages, verbification is a more regular process. However, such processes are often not considered a conversion because they involve changes in the form of the word. For example, in Esperanto, any word can be converted to a verb, either by changing its ending to -i, or by applying suffixes such as -igi and -iĝi; and in Semitic languages, the process often involves changes in internal vowels, such as the Hebrew word “גגל” (Gigel, “he/he googled”), from the proper noun גוגל (Google). Loanwords are words borrowed from other languages. Some more recent loanwords for food from other languages are: sushi, tapas, chapatti, pizza.

When we use loanwords, we usually don`t change them, although we sometimes bend them when it comes to singular countable nouns (pizzas, chapattis). We also sometimes promote them more like English words than using their original pronunciation. We use trimming when we shorten or “clip” one or more syllables of a word. We also frequently cut off proper names for people: examples of verbification in English are counted in the thousands, including some of the most common words such as mail and email, strike, conversation, salt, pepper, switch, bed, sleep, boat, train, stop, drink, cup, bait, marbles, dress, dizziness, divorce, fool, fusion, found on virtually every page of the dictionary. Thus, verbification is by no means limited to slang and has provided English with countless new expressions: “access”, as in “access the file”, which was previously only a noun, as in “access to the file”. .

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