Under the leadership of President Donald J. Trump, the United States renegotiated the North American Free Trade Agreement and replaced it with an updated and rebalanced agreement that works much better for North America, the Agreement between the United States, Mexico and Canada (USMCA), which entered into force on July 1, 2020. The USMCA is a beneficial asset for both parties for North American workers, farmers, ranchers and businesses. The agreement creates more balanced and reciprocal trade, which supports high-paying jobs for Americans and the North American economy is growing. In 2015, the Congressional Research Service concluded that “the overall net impact of NAFTA on the U.S. economy appears relatively modest, primarily because trade with Canada and Mexico accounts for a small percentage of U.S. GDP. However, there have been adaptation costs for workers and businesses as all three countries have prepared for more open trade and investment between their economies. “The report also estimates that NAFTA has added $80 billion to the U.S. economy since its launch, representing a 0.5 percent increase in U.S. GDP.  According to a 2018 Sierra Club report, Canada`s commitments under NAFTA and the Paris Agreement are opposite.
The Paris commitments were voluntary and the NAFTA commitments were mandatory.  When NAFTA negotiations began in 1991, the goal for the three countries was to integrate Mexico into the developed high-wage economies of the United States and Canada. The hope was that freer trade would bring Mexico stronger and more stable economic growth, creating new jobs and opportunities for its growing workforce and discouraging illegal immigration. For the U.S. and Canada, Mexico was seen as both a promising export market and a cheaper investment site that could improve the competitiveness of U.S. and Canadian companies. Canada ratified the agreement in March and the USMCA entered into force on July 1, 2020. Although NAFTA is officially dead, governments and businesses are still adapting to the new rules, especially the new labor rules. The coronavirus could also complicate implementation, as manufacturers will adapt to new guidelines in the midst of a global economic crisis.
Canada and the United States have also agreed on strict rules to ensure that TRQs are managed in a fair and transparent manner, to ensure that distributors can make full use of them. Growing objections within Member States to US trade policy and various aspects of the USMCA have had an impact on the signature and ratification process. Mexico said they would not sign the USMCA if tariffs on steel and aluminum were maintained.  There has been speculation about the U.S. results of November 6, 2018. . .