Since Trump withdrew from the nuclear deal with Iran, tensions between Washington and Tehran have continued to rise and reached a boiling point over the summer and again in early 2020: August 25, 2014: Iran misses a deadline to carry out measures in five areas that the IAEA has taken under the agreement, whom Iran and the Agency met in November 2013. The Iranian revolution took place in 1979 and Iran`s nuclear program, which had developed some basic capability, found itself in disarray, as “much of Iran`s nuclear talent fled the country as a result of the revolution.”  In addition, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini initially opposed nuclear technology and Iran waged a costly war with Iraq from 1980 to 1988.  The world powers had initially wanted Arak to be dismantled because of the risk of proliferation. As part of an interim agreement reached in 2013, Iran agreed not to commission or power the reactor. The open letter signed by more than 100 former Americans. Ambassadors and senior Foreign Ministry officials who approve the deal begin with the words: “The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) with Iran is a pioneering agreement to deter the proliferation of nuclear weapons.”   Michael Mandelbaum, A. Herter Christian professor at Johns Hopkins University, School of Advanced International Studies, wrote that nuclear non-proliferation in the Middle East ultimately depended “not on the details of the Vienna Agreement, but on the well-known deterrence policy of the Cold War.” Mandelbaum added that if Obama left office without Iran bombing, “the responsibility for conducting an effective deterrence policy will rest with his successor.”  Alan Dershowitz, a Harvard law professor, said, “Nothing that is currently on the table will discourage Iran. The sanctions are paper protests against an oil-rich nation.
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